February 2, 2006 2:43 pm

#2: Why do we wear “Tilak/kumkum” on forehead?

Filed under: Rituals — ramsblog @ 2:43 pm

By Swami Chinmayananda
Namaste - source: www.holy-india.com

image source: http://www.holy-india.com/namaste.jpg
The tilak or pottu invokes a feeling of sanctity in the wearer and others. It is recognised as a religious mark. Its form and color vary according to one’s caste, religious sect or the form of the Lord worshipped.
In earlier times, the four types (based on varna ) Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra applied marks differently. The brahmana applied a white chandan mark signifying purity, as his profession was of a priestly or academic nature. The kshatriya applied a red kumkum mark signifying valour as he belonged to warrior. The vaishya wore a yellow kesar or turmeric mark signifying prosperity as he was a businessman or trader devoted to creation of wealth. The sudra applied a black bhasma, kasturi or charcoal mark signifying service as he supported the work of the other three divisions.

Also Vishnu worshippers apply a chandan tilak of the shape of “U”, Shiva worshippers a tripundra bhasma, Devi worshippers a red dot of kumkum and so on).

The tilak cover the spot between the eyebrows, which is the seat of memory and thinking. It is known as the Aajna Chakra in the language of Yoga. The tilak is applied with the prayer : “May I remember the Lord. May this pious feeling pervade all my activities. May I be righteous in my deeds.” Even when we temporarily forget this prayerful attitude the mark on another reminds us of our resolve. The tilak is thus a blessing of the Lord and a protection against wrong tendencies and forces.

The entire body emanates energy in the form of electromagnetic waves the forehead and the subtle spot between the eyebrows especially so. That is why worry generates heat and causes a headache. The tilak and pottu cools the forehead, protects us and prevents energy loss. sometimes the entire forehead is covered with chandan or bhasma. Using plastic reusable “stick bindis” is not very beneficial, even though it serves the purpose of decoration.

clip source here


  1. Where all can we put kumkum?
    Pls give the significance of each.
    in top of teh forehead its for husbands. and above the forehead if its wore, is it for father? and if its between the eye brows is it for mother and if its in the neck is it for ourselves? Pls give me the suggestions

    Comment by GGN — September 26, 2007 1:18 am @ 1:18 am | Reply

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